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Despite the best efforts of those involved in a response, a release of oil has the potential to affect property and impair commercial activity, resulting in economic loss. This document considers the effects of oil on the fisheries and tourism sectors, as well as other commercial activities, and identifies the sources of money that may be available to compensate for such damages. The legislation and compensation schemes that enable payments are explained, and the methods by which the various types of economic damage can be quantified and calculated under the schemes and the procedures necessary for submitting claims for losses are outlined, including claims for the costs of a response, as well as for property damage and for economic loss.
The Cross-Sector Biodiversity Initiative (CSBI) guide provides practical guidance, innovative approaches and examples to support operationalizing the mitigation hierarchy effectively. It clearly defines the four steps of the mitigation hierarchy—avoid, minimize, restore and offset—and their application with regard to managing biodiversity throughout the life cycle of an extractive project; provides clear, systematic guidance for determining and demonstrating biodiversity loss or gain as a result of mitigation efforts, highlighting links to ecosystem services where available and appropriate; offers practical measures for predicting and verifying biodiversity conservation outcomes over time; and offers insight into documenting and comparing costs and savings resulting from mitigation action or inaction. It is aimed at environmental professionals working in, or with, extractive industries and financial institutions who are responsible for overseeing the application of the mitigation hierarchy to biodiversity conservation, while balancing conservation needs with development priorities.
Sustainability reporting is an important way for companies in the oil and gas sector to engage with stakeholders and help foster informed dialogue and understanding. This Guidance is a reference tool aimed at helping company sustainability managers, communications professionals and environmental, health and safety or socio-economic specialists to develop corporate level reporting for internal and external stakeholder audiences. It can be used to report performance to different audiences in different ways—for activities in a single country, for large projects or for a single operation. The Guidance covers a range of sustainability issues relevant to the oil and gas industry, based on industry consensus, together with input from an independent panel of stakeholders with expertise in the sector and sustainability reporting. It is applicable across the entire spectrum of the oil and gas industry’s activities, from extraction and transformation of natural resources to supply of energy and other essential products to customers globally. The Guidance provides two types of assistance by helping companies decide: ‘how’ to report, by describing a process for reporting; and ‘what’ to report, by providing options for developing the content of the report Download the guidance The reporting fact sheet The fact sheet provides a brief overview of the IPIECA, API and IOGP Oil and gas industry guidance on voluntary sustainability reporting, and how it can help companies; outlining the benefits of sustainability reporting, and highlighting the content of a typical oil and gas industry sustainability report. Download the reporting fact sheet
This document addresses Finding 9 of the OGP Global Industry Response Group (GIRG) report which recommended that industry conduct an assessment of potential exposure based on current Tier 2, Tier 3 and commercial response bases to help inform the potential location of any additional resources required. This finding was modified during the course of the project to include consideration of the resource in the context of a revised philosophy on tiered preparedness and response and the development of a tool for external assessment or self-assessment of the organization and capability of individual oil spill response organizations (OSROs).
The document has been prepared for the Multilateral Financing Institutions Biodiversity Working Group and the Cross-Sector Biodiversity Initiative (CSBI), it provides guidance for corporations, lenders, regulators, and others involved in conducting Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIAs). It summarizes “good practices” for biodiversity baseline studies that support biodiversity-inclusive impact assessment and management planning in ESIAs.
Volunteer assistance can prove to be a useful resource for spill response activities, and can provide quick access to a large number of people who often possess useful local knowledge, however Inadequate planning for, and management of, volunteers can lead to adverse public and political relations. This document highlights considerations for good practice that relate to volunteer engagement, coordination and management and presents two case studies: the MV Rena oil spill off the coast of Tauranga in New Zealand, and the MV Cosco Busan spill in San Francisco Bay in the United States of America.
In 2008, the joint Health Committee of the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) and IPIECA, the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues, published OGP Report No. 393, Health Performance Indicators - A guide for the oil and gas industry. Content from that report was used to develop two tools that can be used to assess health leading performance indicators within individual companies, and to compare performance between different parts of a company and between participating companies. Both tools were used in 2014 to gauge health performance between participating IOGP and IPIECA Member companies. The results are published in this report (No. 2014h). The data represent 26 companies, all of which provided data for both tools. In addition to the 2014 data submission, the 2013 data submission is presented for the gap analysis tool, by statement score, as a comparison to the 2014 data. Percentage tool results for the years 2011, 2012 and 2013 are shown to allow comparison with 2014 results.
While a significant amount of attention surrounding climate change has focused on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, there is growing interest in the role of methane (CH4) and other short-lived climate forcers. In June 2015, IPIECA published their fact sheet on ‘Exploring Methane Emissions’, which considers methane emissions and their wider implications, and explores the associated challenges, opportunities and continuing efforts within the oil and gas sector to address them.
The recent evolution of sub-sea dispersant injection (SSDI) as a response tool for possible deeper water well releases is described. This includes the operational capabilities that have been developed and how the decision to plan for SSDI may be justified by NEBA approaches. Particular features are described including the ability to mount continuous operations in a wide range of sea conditions, as well as approaches to monitoring the effectiveness and effects of its application.
After an oil spill, urgent decisions need to be made about how to minimize environmental and socio-economic impacts. The advantages and disadvantages of different responses need to be compared with each other and with natural clean-up. This process is called Net Environmental Benefit Analysis. This document explains how the process takes into account the circumstances of the spill, the practicalities of clean-up response, the relative impacts of oil and clean-up options, and the process by which judgements are made on the relative importance of social, economic and environmental factors.