IPIECA, API and IOGP have released a new publication – Guidelines on implementing spill impact mitigation assessment (SIMA) - produced in support of the IPIECA-IOGP guidance on net environmental benefit analysis (NEBA).
A key objective for any oil spill response is to minimize the impacts to ecological, socio-economic and cultural resources at risk through the development of a safe and effective response strategy. Contingency planners and incident managers have traditionally utilized a net environmental benefit analysis (NEBA) for selecting the most appropriate response option(s) to minimize spill impacts and promote recovery. The processes used to conduct a NEBA have varied considerably between industry operators, though the outcomes in terms of strategy development have been similar.
IPIECA, API and IOGP collaborated to develop a qualitative NEBA process; and in doing so, took the opportunity to rename the process 'spill impact mitigation assessment' (SIMA), which all parties felt better reflected the nature of the activity. This document explains the use of the SIMA process which can help the planner and responder select the response option(s) that will best mitigate the overall impacts of an oil spill.