The 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP-22) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change has concluded its meeting in Marrakech, Morocco, with a range of decisions around implementing the Paris Agreement. Following the new global agreement last December, the threshold of signatories for it to enter into force was passed less than 12 months after being agreed and far earlier than expected. This has added pressure to quickly develop the necessary rules and procedures to support the Agreement.
Morocco saw meetings under the Convention, as well as the Kyoto Protocol, and for the first time, the Paris Agreement. The headline outcomes and announcements were:
- Countries gave themselves two years to 2018 to agree rules and procedures for the Paris Agreement.
- Technical work produced guidance and questions for work-plans, focusing on: Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); a transparency framework; global stocktake; technology development and transfer; adaptation, and market and non-market approaches.
- Countries agreed a five-year workplan on Loss and Damage.
- Developed countries launched a roadmap to 2020 on reaching the agreed goal of $100bn per annum in climate finance for developing countries.
- A statement of the need for action and countries’ will to act was agreed - the Marrakech Action Proclamation for Our Climate and Sustainable Development.
- The Climate Vulnerable Forum, which is an international partnership of countries highly vulnerable to a warming planet, committed to update their NDCs before 2020, prepare long-term low-emissions development strategies, and generate 100% of their energy from renewable sources as soon as possible.
Countries are now already looking to 2018 which is the next milestone in the process. There will be a facilitative dialogue that year, with inputs including an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change special report on the practicalities of a 1.5C temperature objective, as well as assessments of Parties collective progress pledges and views from Parties and stakeholders. That will lead to pressure for Parties to raise their level of Nationally Determined Contributions. The next two years are for Parties to agree the details of the dialogue and its inputs and the rules, such as on accounting that will allow a shared view and comparability between countries actions.
IPIECA will be releasing a full report of COP-22 for members.
- 23 November 2016