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Response strategy development using net environmental benefit analysis (NEBA)

June 2015

Revision 2016

After an oil spill, urgent decisions need to be made about how to minimize environmental and socio-economic impacts. The advantages and disadvantages of different responses need to be compared with each other and with natural clean-up. This process is called Net Environmental Benefit Analysis. This document explains how the process takes into account the circumstances of the spill, the practicalities of clean-up response, the relative impacts of oil and clean-up options, and the process by which judgements are made on the relative importance of social, economic and environmental factors.

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